The Bajocian to Kimmeridgian (Middle to Upper Jurassic) ammonite succession at Sentralbanken High (core 7533/3-U-1), Barents Sea, and its stratigraphical and palaeobiogeographical significance

Andrzej Wierzbowski, Morten Smelror


Ammonites recovered from Upper Bajocian to Upper Kimmeridgian strata in a core drilled at Sentralbanken High in the northern Barents Sea are described and chronostratigraphically interpreted. The lower part of the core comprises Upper Bajocian to Upper Callovian deposits of the Fuglen Formation with ammonites of the genus Cranocephalites near the base, and Longaeviceras in the upper part. The overlying Oxfordian to Kimmeridgian deposits of the Hekkingen Formation are thin and condensed. The Hekkingen Formation is dominated by Boreal cardioceratid ammonites (Cardioceras, Amoebites, Euprionoceras, Hoplocardioceras), with numerous Subboreal aulacostephanid ammonites (Rasenia, Zenostephanus) at two levels. The occurrences of Boreal and Subboreal ammonites are discussed in relation to the palaeogeography and fluctuations of ammonite faunas within the Boreal Realm during the Kimmeridgian with special attention to levels rich in Subboreal ammonites whose appearance has been controlled by tectonic and climatic factors. The uppermost part of the succession deposited during a time of maximum flooding in the Late Kimmeridgian is dominated by Boreal ammonites.


Middle and Upper Jurassic; ammonites; Boreal and Subboreal provinces; correlation; palaeobiogeography

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